Some of you must have questions, what are airbags in a car and their function? In a car, safety is definitely the most important part. This is because the safety features help keep drivers safe.

Among the safety features in cars, one type of airbag is widely used. An airbag is a front-facing feature to prevent collisions with the driver's and front passenger's heads. However, many cars these days have side airbags in addition to front airbags. What do you think his duties are? And how does it work? The following is a full explanation of Qala.

What are car airbags?

What are car airbags?
Photo Source: Thieury Via Shutterstock

Airbags are one of the most important safety innovations of recent decades. The safety features on these cars provide the much needed protection when people are involved in an accident. This object is usually hidden, but in the event of an accident it is immediately visible.

Front airbags have been mandatory for all vehicles since 1999. Meanwhile, side airbags are not necessarily mandatory, but most manufacturers include them as standard equipment to meet safety requirements.

Placing these items on the front and side of a car can help save many lives. Front airbags reduce driver and front passenger fatalities by 29 percent and 32 percent, respectively. Meanwhile, side airbags protect the head by reducing the driver's risk of death in a crash by 37 percent, and SUV drivers by 52 percent.

Engineers continue to find different ways to use airbags. Airbags in the rear window are deployed to protect the rear seat occupants from a rear-end crash. The airbag is located on the side between the driver and the front passenger, which helps to reduce the risk of both people hurting each other in an accident.

Airbags are a safety feature that reduces injuries to passengers and drivers in the event of an accident. However, this behavior does not always appear when certain accidents occur, so drivers should understand when this behavior occurs and continue to use seat belts as the main protection.

Airbags help protect you in the event of a high-impact crash. This feature helps drivers and passengers avoid fatal injuries. Moreover, fatal injuries usually affect the neck, chest and legs. Airbags usually deploy immediately after an accident, so vital parts of the body such as the head, neck and chest are protected.

The location of the airbag depends on the type of car, usually it is in the front, some are on the side. Using restraints in the form of seat belts alone can cause serious head and chest injuries. This airbag helps to quickly reduce the movement of the occupants in the event of an accident.

Generally, people know that car airbags are the pads that appear above the steering wheel in the event of a collision. However, please note that there are many other types of car air bags.

The types of airbags themselves are created based on where the airbag is installed. The types of air bags are as follows

1. Driver's airbag

The first type of airbag is the most common in cars. Because as the name suggests, the driver's airbag works to protect the driver. That's why the airbag is usually placed on the steering wheel or the steering wheel.

Place the airbag on the steering wheel, because this is the first thing that hits the body in the event of a collision. With this type of airbag, your head will not hit the steering wheel.

2. Side airbags

As the name suggests, this airbag is located on the driver's side. With this type of airbag, the driver's body is protected from an impact from the side of the car. Of course, side airbags protect your body when your car hits the side or side of the car.

3. Passenger airbags

Car passenger airbags are airbags designed to protect car passengers. Especially in front of the passengers sitting next to the driver. This type of airbag is stored in the car dashboard.

Some are installed outside the car dashboard. For this reason, make sure that the air bag is not loaded with objects that can be easily dislodged or that could injure you if they hit your face. Things like cell phones, or large DVD players or other displays. The airbag inflates to prevent the object from floating.

4. Curtain air bags

The last type is curtain airbags. This type of airbag is usually installed on the roof of the car. This type of airbag protects the head and neck of the driver and the car's passengers. Especially when the car is overturned due to an accident.

The function of airbags in cars

Cars with airbags are safer. Check out the following explanation for a deeper understanding of the function of airbags in cars.

1. Give protection to drivers

The driver plays an important role in driving a car. Because the automotive driver determines the speed and direction of the car. Because they are in the front position, if an accident occurs, the driver is very vulnerable to serious injury.

The presence of air bags prevents these injuries. When the airbag sensor detects a collision or a hard impact, the airbag deploys itself to protect the driver's body and head from the impact.

2. Protect passengers

Perhaps not all car brands install airbags on the passenger seat. However, for cars equipped with 6 airbags for each seat, the airbags are deployed to protect the occupants.

The way it works is the same as the airbag in the driver's seat. In the event of danger signs, the airbag protects passengers from injury.

How car airbags work

The way car airbags work is that these airbags inflate in a fraction of a second to protect the area around the body. An airbag protects important parts of the body such as the head, neck and chest. So the location of all car airbags is the same, some cars store them in different places. But most often it is for the driver at the helm, and the front seat passenger on the dashboard.

In the rear seat, the airbag is usually stored in the front seat. Usually, the more expensive the car, the more safety features it has. Like Vanessa Angel's Pajero, her luxury car has 7 airbags. The more obvious way car airbags work is that the car has its own sensors. So when the sensor assesses a significant slowdown in speed and there is a serious impact on a certain part. A sensor in the front immediately sends a signal and the airbag's activation causes the wire to heat up.

Then, the rapid release of heat creates a volume of nitrogen gas that fills the air bag. So the air bag inflates quickly, and after hitting the driver's head or other body part, the air bag starts to deploy slowly. This is because the nitrogen in the air bag starts to come out.

The nitrogen gas coming out of the airbag is not a harmful gas for the body. That's because nitrogen makes up about 78 percent of the air we breathe every day, which keeps the airbag from sticking when it's still inflating. Meanwhile, the side-mounted airbags will deploy if the vehicle experiences a collision or if a collision occurs at a certain angle. The explanation is that when the left side of the car experiences a heavy impact, the right airbag does not deploy, and vice versa.

How to use car airbags for maximum performance

In addition to knowing how this personal protective equipment works, smart drivers need to know how to use it to maximize its functionality. Paying attention to how you use it is aimed at avoiding application errors.

Car users should not hit the area where personal protective equipment is located. Car users do not need to make modifications to the dashboard, bumper, steering wheel, instrument panel, vehicle suspension, etc. as the car's airbag reduces its performance.

Even when personal protective equipment is working, users need to pay attention to many urgent issues. In this case, when the device is working, a chemical reaction occurs in the car to quickly charge personal protective equipment using a non-toxic gas in the form of nitrogen.

When this chemical reaction occurs, a noise appears and the white powder continues to spread. This happens because the nitrogen is released under high pressure in a fraction of a second.

The operation of this personal protective equipment induces several car components such as the inflator, personal protective equipment cover, steering gear and dashboard to experience an increase in temperature. This situation occurs because the temperature of the environment enters the catalyst to fill the personal protective equipment to a high level.

Therefore, when this personal protection element is working, drivers are prevented from touching many important places. Drivers should refrain from self-defense in the event of an airbag deployment.

Most users experience breathing problems after inhaling the air. Although inhaled nitrogen is safe for humans, excessive intake is not good. In order to solve this situation quickly, it is recommended to open the car windows quickly to let in fresh air from outside.

Drivers are advised to exit the vehicle immediately if conditions permit. Drivers and passengers are advised to clean their skin immediately after safe...